More about any of the topics that you encountered in the ccna and. Although there are many types of routing protocols, three major classes are in widespread use on ip networks. The router ospf command enables ospf routing on the router, and the 1 before osfp is the process id of the osfp protocol. Learn ospf configuration commands, ospf show commands, ospf network configuration process id, network id, wild card mask and area number and ospf routing in detail. Route redistributionroutes learned via any ip routing protocol can be redistributed into any other ip routing. This paper examines how ospf works and how it can be used to design and build large and complicated networks. By default, the ospf calculation is done per rfc 1583. View the router configuration and interface information. We chose open shortest path first ospf 4 because it is widely used in the internet and it has highquality opensource implementations. Interior and exterior routing o interior routing n routing inside an autonomous system n each as can chose its own interior routing protocol n examples.
Verifying and monitoring ospf configuration techlibrary. We explain how ospf works, how ospf tables are built on an ospf enabled router and their purpose neighbour table, topology table, routing table, ospf areas and their importance. To reach our eventual goal of designing a routing protocol purely on ndn, we started with version 1. Ospf configuration in packet tracer lab with pdf networking. Rip routing information protocol is one of the oldest routing protocols still in service. Ospf is currently used within most autonomous systems on the. Ospf configuration step by step guide computer networking notes. Ospf is an interior gateway protocol igp used within large autonomous systems ass. Link state routing protocols advertise the state of their links. Troubleshooting open shortest path first ospf routing ip. A classless routing protocol such as ospf goes beyond the default boundary of mask and work well with subnetted networks. Tell rip routing protocol which networks you want to advertise. If sites connect via mpls and bgp, then area 0 at each site might work.
Give c second priority bdr in election ip ospf priority 50 interface loopback0 ip address 10. When a link state router begins operating on a network link, information associated with that logical network is added to its local link state database lsdb. Routing protocol is ospf 1 outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set router id 192. This document shows sample configurations for open shortest path first ospf authentication which allows the flexibility to authenticate. Link state advertisement lsa, link state database lsdb, link state. In the world of networking, the open shortest path first ospf routing protocol for ip networks uses a link state routing algorithm and is classed as an interior gateway protocol. Ospf is a protocol of routing allowing packets of date to follow and select the networks most suitable and shortest data path. Enable ospf routing on the r2 router using the router ospf command. When you are finished with the ospf configuration for r1, return to privileged exec mode. Learn how to configure ospf routing protocol using packet tracer. So what we have here is basic routing protocol configuration including ospf and bgp as well as two vrfs, one for each client. Comparison of rip, eigrp, ospf, igrp routing protocols in. Ospf can be used for serviceside routing, to provide reachability to networks at the local site, and it can be used for transportside routing, to enable communication between the vedge router and other viptela devices when the router is not directly connected to the wan cloud.
Its aim is to allow routers within a single autonomous system as to construct their routing tables, while dynamically adapting to changes in the autonomous systems topology. Create separate ospf templates for the two ospf routing types. The working group was formed in 1988 to design an igp based on the shortest path first spf algorithm for use in the internet. Networking open shortest path first ospf support ibm i. Once you are in the router ospf configuration submode, configure the lan network 172. Load the routing topology file same that we have been using with rip and eigrp in packet tracer. Ospf open shortest path first ospf is a standardized linkstate routing protocol, designed to scale efficiently to support larger networks. Bgp pdf created with fineprint pdffactory pro trial version. Rip and ospf o exterior routing n routing between autonomous systems n only one exterior routing protocol is usually used for exterior routing n examples.
Wireless local area network wlan is designed and various routing protocols like routing information protocol rip, enhanced interior gateway routing protocol eigrp, open shortest path first ospf, and interior gateway routing protocol igrp are used and compared for testing the performance 9. Advertise routes learnt from one routing protocol into another routing protocol. Routing protocol is ospf 1 outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set. To use any of the dynamic routing protocols with fireware xtm, you must import or copy and paste a configuration file for the dynamic routing daemon. In this article we will see how to configure ospf step by step. Ospf is a linkstate routing protocol with a complex set of. The sum of all the costs along the path to a given destination. The ospf network command uses a combination of networkaddress and wildcardmask. Jun 11, 2019 this ospf lab is created in packet tracer and you will learn the ospf single area configuration from this lab. A classful routing protocol such as rip cannot distinguish between different subnetted networks. Routing ip interface configuration slot port ip address subnet mask routing mode. Ospf version 2 is documented in rfc 1583 a lengthy document that i find very difficult to read.
The open shortest path first ospf protocol, defined in rfc 2328, is an interior gateway protocol used to distribute routing information within a single autonomous system. Ospfv3 has few similarities with that of ipv4 version i. Select off to calculate the cost of summary routes based on rfc 2328. This is a basic labs regarding ospf single area configure related to ccna or icnd12 exam. Configuring route summarization when redistributing routes into ospf 23. For protocolindependent features that include ospf, see the chapter configuring ip routing protocolindependent features in this document. O spf open shortest path first is a link state routing protocol, a type of the internal gateway protocol igp, which was designed to scale and support more extensive networks.
Dec 29, 2017 o spf open shortest path first is a link state routing protocol, a type of the internal gateway protocol igp, which was designed to scale and support more extensive networks. We support rfc 1253, open shortest path first ospf mib, august 1991. Open shortest path first ospf is a routing protocol developed for internet protocol ip networks by the interior gateway protocol igp working group of the internet engineering task force ietf. Configuration of rip protocol is much easier than you think. Need to create ospf routing process router configuration command. For the ospf protocol, an autonomous system as is a collection of ip networks that are under a common. Hop count is the metric that rip uses and the hop limit limits the network size that rip can support. An interface includes state information that was obtained from underlying lowerlevel protocols and from the routing protocol itself. Protocol igp developed by the ospf working group of the internet. To enable ospf for the ports and specify the ospf area id, router priority and metric cost. To configure the abr, you would complete the following steps. It requires only two steps to configure the rip routing.
Enable ospf routing protocol from global configuration mode. Three typical types of routing protocol are chosen as the simulation samples. Optional md5 authentication configured ip ospf authentication messagedigest ip ospf messagedigestkey 1 md5 foobar. In our example, we will examine the figure below deeply. To configure ospf on a router, there are two steps. Once you are familiar with the basics of ospf routing protocol, lets start to configure ospf.
Ospf employs a hierarchical network design using areas. It uses a link state routing lsr algorithm and falls into the group of interior gateway protocols igps, operating within a single autonomous system as. Ospf is an open standard protocol, you learn more why we use ospf and ospf quiz from here. There are two ways to configure ospf on a single interface, the network command in the routing process config mode or through the ip ospf command in interface configuration.
This module describes how to configure open shortest path first ospf. Open shortest path first ospf is the most popular interior gateway routing protocol on the internet. Overview in lab 6 we discussed rip, which is the canonical example of a routing protocol built on the distancevector algorithm. Ospf is developed by internet engineering task force ietf as one of the interior gateway protocol igp, i.
Just like with other routing protocols covered so far rip, eigrp first you need to enable ospf on a router. Ospf will form neighbor relationships with adjacent routers in the same area. The ospf protocol is a linkstate routing protocol, which means that the routers exchange. Jun 28, 2017 it is time to take a look to configuring ospf open shortest path first with an ospf configuration example. Alwaysselect on to always advertise the default route in an ospf routing domain. This is done by using the router ospf processid global configuration command. Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable. Now it is time to go deep and combine virtual link, lsa types and etc. This topic includes a sample configuration file for the ospf routing daemon. It implements dijkstras algorithm, also known as the shortest path first spf algorithm.
This lab will discuss and demonstrate the configuration and verification of perinterface ospf configuration. It is classified as an interior gateway protocol igp. Next, you need to define on which interfaces ospf will run and what networks will be advertised. We need to begin sharing routes between the each of them. Sanctioned by the ietf, it is intended to become internets preferred interior routing protocol. Ospf is a standardized linkstate routing protocol, designed to scale efficiently. Open shortest path first ospf was designed as an interior gateway protocol igp, for use in an autonomous system such as a local area network lan. The working group was formed in 1988 to design an igp based on the. In following figure there are the three routers with. No particular manufacture maintains or owns this open standard protocol, in cisco networks, ospf is the most prevalent. This tutorial explains how to configure ospf routing protocol step by step with practical example in packet tracer. One popular ip network routing protocol is ospf open shortest path first, which uses algorithms to find its own path by calculating the path with the least weight from source to destination. Ospf sends updates lsas when there is a change to one of its links, and will. Comparison of rip, ospf and eigrp routing protocols based on.
Enable rip routing protocol from global configuration mode. Router 1 should be a asbr which redistributes the static routes. Ospf routes packets based entirely on the destination ip of the. May 04, 2019 this of course leads to more complexity in the configuration and troubleshooting of ospf networks. You can set different process id from 165535 for each router. The show ip protocols command, will show you the ospf process number and basic information about the. Interior gateway protocols type 1, linkstate routing protocols, such as ospf and isis. Apr 25, 2015 the router ospf command enables ospf routing on the router, and the 1 before osfp is the process id of the osfp protocol. Mar 11, 2017 learn how to configure ospf routing protocol using packet tracer. Ospf open shortest path first is a hierarchical link state protocol. The following lessons are useful especially for the lab exam. The router id can also be seen in the output of the show ip protocols, show ip ospf. How to configure ospf routing protocol using packet tracer.
Further your knowledge of the ospf for your ccna certification by answering the following questions. This will be accomplished with route redistribution. Ip routingconfiguring rip, ospf, bgp, and pbr ftp directory. The ospf mib defines an ip routing protocol that provides management information related to ospf and is supported by cisco routers. If the sites are small enough, ospf everywhere works. Open shortest path first a routing protocol based on the linkstate algorithm objective the objective of this lab is to configure and analyze the performance of the open shortest path first ospf routing protocol. Open shortest path first open shortest path first ospf is an openstandard link state routing protocol. Ospf routers exchange state, cost, and other relevant interface information with neighbors. By using these information sources you can gather the essential information to resolving your network problems. This ospf lab is created in packet tracer and you will learn the ospf single area configuration from this lab.
It is time to take a look to configuring ospf open shortest path first with an ospf configuration example. This of course leads to more complexity in the configuration and troubleshooting of ospf networks. If there is a need to talk ospf to other devices that are scattered around, that might suggest using ospf everywhere. Routing information protocol distance vector routing share the most you know about the entire autonomous system share with all your direct neighbors, and them only share periodically, e. The information exchange enables all participating routers to establish a network topology map. We talked about ospf basics and made an ospf configuration for beginners on our course. Next we cover ospf link state packet types used to exchange data between ospf routers.
The ospf open shortest path first protocol is one of a family of ip routing protocols, and is an interior gateway protocol igp for the internet, used to distribute ip routing information throughout a single autonomous system as in an ip network. Ospf tutorial to get you on the right path udemy blog. Interior gateway protocols type 2, distancevector routing protocols, such as routing information protocol, ripv2, igrp exterior gateway protocols are routing protocols used on the. Verifying an ospf configuration, tracing ospf protocol traffic, example. How to configure ospf routing protocol using cisco packet. In this article we will make an example for advanced ospf configuration. Ospf adheres to the following link state characteristics. Troubleshooting of open shortest path first ospf routing protocol can be eased by using the most relevant options with the show command. Open shortest path first ospf is a linkstate routing protocol that is used to find the best path between the source and the destination router using its own shortest path first. Open shortest path first ospf is a routing protocol for internet protocol ip networks. Comparison of rip, ospf and eigrp routing protocols based. As a linkstate routing protocol it was based on the linkstate algorithm developed for the arpanet in 1980 and the isis routing protocol. Jun 22, 2017 in this article we will make an example for advanced ospf configuration.
We assume that the ip address configuration is already configured on each router as per the following table. Define area 9 as a totally stubby area area 9 stub nosummary. Click on to generate a default external route into an ospf routing domain. Open shortest path first ospf is a recent entry into the internet interior routing scene. So a classful routing protocol will match only first 16 bits 172. For these steps following commands are used respectively. Instead of configuring static routes, you can use dynamic routing protocols, which enable. Ospf is an interior gateway protocol igp developed by the ospf working group of the internet engineering task force ietf. To get the certification and your own ccie number, you need to pass a written and lab exam. Ospf was designed expressly for ip networks and it supports ip subnetting and tagging of externally derived routing information. Introduction this document outlines few comparisons of ospfv3 and ospfv2 routing protocol. How to configure ospf ospf routing protocol configuration ccna ospf in packet tracer.1241 979 949 122 443 93 865 785 924 646 327 967 210 1441 1237 860 480 962 808 341 509 1052 476 553 1149 931 1194 49 152 638 1434 721 810 207 441 1456 169 118 253 862 839 883